The idea that criminal law has as its sole purpose the protection of freedom, life and property is surpassed. Today, we recognize that the Criminal Law’s mission is to protect the most valuable assets for the human person.
Over the years, human evolution and globalization have brought new interests to light, thus promoting undeniable changes as to how we attribute to goods as we know, as well as creating new values and civil rights.
Many of these new values and civil rights were considered, by debatable criteria, worthy of protection in the criminal sphere, which means, in the event of their transgression, there would be possibility for punishment.
In this context, criminal law appears detached or quite distant from that traditionally known. Criminal Law seeks to fill gaps which previously were only done by regulating agencies, with many issues covered only by Administrative Law and where prison sentence seemed incompatible.